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Article 360. Consent of a third party to the conclusion of a juridical act

(1) If the effect of a juridical act depends on the consent of a third party, consent or denial of consent may be expressed either to a party or to the other.
(2) Consent does not require the form required for the juridical act unless the law provides otherwise.
(3) Prior consent of a third party may be revoked before the conclusion of the juridical act unless otherwise provided by the terms of the legal relationship under which prior consent was given. The revocation may be expressed either to a party or to the other.
(4) Subsequent consent (ratification, confirmation) for the conclusion of a juridical act, unless the law provides otherwise explicitly, has retrospective effect, as of the date of conclusion of the juridical act.
(5) The retrospective effect does not affect the acts of disposition by the person who entered into them with third parties prior to the giving of consent and neither the rights of third parties under those acts, does not affect acts of enforcement, sequesters or the measures taken by an insolvency administrator prior to consent being expressed.
(6) The provisions of this Article apply in particular to consent given in the form of:
a) consent granted by a parent, curator, tutor or another protector;
b) authorisation given by the family council, tutorship authority or a court;
c) ratification by the principal in the cases provided for in Article 370;
d) ratification of a juridical act of disposition in the cases provided for in Article 358.
(7) The provisions of this Article apply mutatis mutandis to the approval given by a competent body of a legal person for juridical acts entered into on its behalf.

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