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Article 362. Representation

(1) A juridical act may be concluded either personally or by way of a representative.  The powers of a representative derive from law, a juridical act or the circumstances in which it acts.
(2) A juridical act concluded by a person (representative) on behalf of another person (principal) within the scope of its powers gives rise, modifies or terminates rights and obligations of the principal.
(3) If a juridical act is concluded on behalf of another person, the absence of due powers may not be claimed against the party with whom the representative has contracted if the principal created such circumstances that such parties assumed in good faith that such powers exist.
(4) If upon the conclusion of a juridical act, a representative fails to furnish its powers, the juridical act produces legal effects directly for the principal only if the other party ought, in the circumstances in which the act was concluded, to have assumed that representation is used. The same rule applies where the other party places no importance on the person of the contracting party.
(5) The entry into a juridical act by way of a representative is prohibited if, by its nature, the juridical act must be entered into directly by the contracting party or whose entry into by way of a representative is prohibited by law.

Articolul 2164. Grounds for inheritance

Article 1. Scope