Article 415. Effects of publicity
(1) Publicity ensures the opposability of a right, act, fact, or any other legal relationship subject to publicity, determines their ranking, and, if the law explicitly provides so, determines their establishment or their legal effects.
(2) As among the parties or their successors, either universal or, as the case may be, with universal title, rights, acts, or facts, as well as any legal relationships, produce full effects even if the publicity formalities have not been satisfied unless the law provides otherwise.
(3) Publicity does not validate the right, act, or fact subject to publicity or admitted to it. Notwithstanding, in the cases and under the conditions set out explicitly by the law, it can produce acquisitive effects to the benefit of acquirers.
(4) Publicity does not interrupt the course of the limitation period unless the law provides otherwise.